Considering the changing roles and responsibilities of researchers in society, there is a need to review the mechanisms by which researchers are produced. The knowledge, behaviours, and attributes expected of researchers today reflect the economic and social realities of the twentyfirst century. Universities need to respond to the demands of industry and government by embedding an educational process that is capable of grooming the kinds of knowledge worker and innovation leaders required in the future.
Table 1. Competencies Required of Young Researchers
1. Scientific knowledge
2. Ability to formulate a research issue
3. Capacity for analysis and grasp of sophisticated IT tools
Project and Team Management Skills
4. Ability to work in a team
5. Communication skills
6. Language skills
7. Business culture and management skills
8. Awareness of the pertinence of the research and its impact on the environment
Personal Aptitudes and Interpersonal Skills
10. Open-minded approach
Source. APEC/Deloitte, 2010, p. 4.
Table 2. Domains of Researcher Development
Domain A: Knowledge and intellectual abilities. This domain relates to the knowledge and intellectual abilities needed to be able to carry out excellent research.
Domain B: Personal effectiveness. This domain contains the personal qualities, career, and self-management skills required to take ownership of, and engage in, professional development.
Domain C: Research governance and organisation. This domain relates to the knowledge of the standards, requirements, and professional conduct that are needed for the effective management of research.
Domain D: Engagement, influence, and impact. This domain relates to the knowledge, understanding, and skills needed to engage with, influence, and impact on the academic, social, cultural, economic, and broader contexts.
Source. “Vitae Researcher Development Framework,” 2013.